What Are Some Ways Morocco Is Dealing With Drought Droughts?

How can we solve drought?

In the past 40 years, no natural disaster has affected more people than droughts. Climate change has been a major factor in the creation of droughts in several parts of the world.

  1. Desalination of water.
  2. Rainwater harvesting.
  3. Drip Irrigation.
  4. Harvesting water from the air.
  5. Crop engineering.
  6. Solar pumps.
  7. Recycling organic waste.

Why is Morocco prone to drought?

Increased climate variability leads to stronger droughts, which adversely affect livestock and rainfed crops. Moreover, Morocco’s average temperatures are rising and rainfall is becoming more sporadic, both affecting certain parts of the country more than others.

Is there drought in Morocco?

Over the last 5 decades, drought events have intensified in Morocco. The drought of 1999 for example, caused GDP to fall by 1.5 percent, and the ongoing one has generated a 6 percent drop in the value-added in agriculture in the second trimester of 2020, according to the High Commission of Planning.

How long has Morocco been in drought?

Morocco is highly susceptible to long periods (one to six years) of drought. In the last 30 years, on average, drought occurs in Morocco every 3 years, creating a volatility in agricultural production that is the main constraint on expansion in the sector.

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What are 5 causes of drought?

Here are the 5 natural and human causes of drought:

  • 1) Land and water temperatures cause drought.
  • 2) Air circulation and weather patterns also cause drought.
  • 3) Soil moisture levels also contribute to drought.
  • 4) Drought can also be a supply and demand of water issue.

How do farmers overcome drought?

“Maximising soil moisture is key to our drought mitigation strategy. “This includes a move to wider cropping rotations and an intensive summer weed control program. “This has allowed for more timely planting as weed burden is reduced and our soils can germinate crops with less autumn/ early winter rainfall.

Where does Morocco get its water from?

Most drinking water comes from 7 rivers. The seven rivers from North to South are the Loukkos River, the Moulouya River, the Sebou River, the Bou Regreg River, the Oum Er-Rbia River, the Tensift River and the Souss-Massa-Drâa basin. Except for the Loukkos River, all these rivers originate in the Atlas Mountains.

How bad is water scarcity in Morocco?

Morocco is likely to face extreme water scarcity by 2050. Even without further change in water resources availability, a projected population of nearly 44 million inhabitants by 2050 would yield a ratio of 510 m3 per person per year by 2050, which is near the “extreme water scarcity ” level of 500 m3 per capita.

What are the economic impacts of water scarcity in Morocco?

Results show that water scarcity and changes in crop yields induced by climate change could reduce the GDP of Morocco up to 6.7 billion US dollars per year at 2016 constant prices and eliminate many job opportunities, in particular in the rural areas of this country.

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Why is Egypt having a water crisis?

Egypt has been suffering from severe water scarcity in recent years. Uneven water distribution, misuse of water resources and inefficient irrigation techniques are some of the major factors playing havoc with water security in the country. Egypt is facing an annual water deficit of around 7 billion cubic metres.

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