Quick Answer: What Percentage Of The World’s Phosphorous Reserves Ae In Morocco?

How much phosphorus is in Morocco?

Morocco claims 75 percent of the planet’s known reserves of phosphorus, an essential ingredient in commercial fertilizer. That gives the North African country a near-monopoly on the multibillion-dollar global trade of the mineral mined from phosphate rock, with clients on every continent.

Which country has the largest phosphate reserves in the world?

Despite producing significantly less than China in 2018, Morocco and Western Sahara have the largest phosphate reserves. With 50 billion MT stockpiled, the region’s phosphate reserves account for over 70 percent of the global number.

What country has the most phosphorus?

Countries With the Largest Phosphate Reserves

Rank Country Phosphate Reserves (% of World’s Total)
1 Morocco 70
2 China 5
3 Syria 3
4 Algeria 3


What are the world reserves of phosphate rock?

The IFDC estimate of worldwide reserve is approximately 60,000 mmt of concentrate. The IFDC estimate of world phosphate rock resources is ap- proximately 290,000 mmt. This figure includes the unprocessed ore of the IFDC reserve estimate.

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Why is there so much phosphate in Morocco?

The phosphate rock from the territory comes from the Boucraa mine, which is run by the Moroccan state-owned OCP via its subsidiary Phosphates de Boucraa (Phosboucraa). OCP has said in the past its production capacity in Western Sahara is 2.6 million tonnes a year, around 8% of its total extraction capacity.

Why does Morocco have a lot of phosphate?

According to the Western Sahara Resource Watch, about 10 percent of Morocco’s phosphate income comes from the Western Saharan mine in Bou Craa. Morocco has argued that its own reserves of phosphate are large enough to make the Western Saharan reserves insignificant.

Will we run out of phosphate?

At current consumption levels, we will run out of known phosphorus reserves in around 80 years, but consumption will not stay at current levels. Nearly 90% of phosphorus is used in the global food supply chain, most of it in crop fertilizers.

Will the earth run out of phosphorus?

According to some researchers, Earth’s commercial and affordable phosphorus reserves are expected to be depleted in 50–100 years and peak phosphorus to be reached in approximately 2030. Others suggest that supplies will last for several hundreds of years.

Where does most phosphorus come from?

Most of the phosphorus used in fertilizer comes from phosphate rock, a finite resource formed over millions of years in the earth’s crust. Ninety percent of the world’s mined phosphate rock is used in agriculture and food production, mostly as fertilizer, less as animal feed and food additives.

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What will happen if phosphorus runs out?

It’s a big concern for the EU and other countries without their own reserves, and phosphorus depletion could lead to geopolitical tensions. Back in 2008, when fertiliser prices sharply increased by 600% and directly influenced food prices, there were violent riots in 40 different developing countries.

Which country is famous for phosphate mining?

Huddled in the Aravali range in the southern part of Rajasthan about 26 km from Udaipur, is the largest reserve of phosphate in India. Also known as the Jhamarkotra mines, it is the only commercially exploitable rock phosphate deposit in the country.

Where is phosphorus mined in the world?

Currently, phosphate rock is mined in Florida, Idaho, North Carolina and Utah. In the last half of the 20th century, Florida accounted for about 25 percent of total world phosphate rock production.

What is phosphate used for?

Phosphate rock is processed to produce phosphorous, which is one of the three main nutrients most commonly used in fertilizers (the other two are nitrogen and potassium). Phosphate can also be turned into phosphoric acid, which is used in everything from food and cosmetics to animal feed and electronics.

How is phosphate made?

Plants take up inorganic phosphate from the soil. When the plant or animal dies, it decays, and the organic phosphate is returned to the soil. Within the soil, organic forms of phosphate can be made available to plants by bacteria that break down organic matter to inorganic forms of phosphorus.

Why do we need phosphorus?

The main function of phosphorus is in the formation of bones and teeth. It plays an important role in how the body uses carbohydrates and fats. It is also needed for the body to make protein for the growth, maintenance, and repair of cells and tissues.

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